Wednesday, August 14, 2019

Using socks proxy to tunnel apt command in ubuntu 18.04

This is useful when we have a machine (m1) that does not have an internet connection to do apt update/upgrade, but we have another machine (m2) that is able to access internet, and accessible via ssh from the m1.

Create a dynamic tunnel (socks5 proxy) from m1 to m2, using port 8888
$ ssh myuser@m2 -fN -D 8888

Set apt to use the socks proxy created above
$ echo "Acquire::http::proxy "socks5h://localhost:8888";"  | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/12proxy

Run apt command as usual in m1, and your apt command will be tunneled via the socks5h proxy
$ sudo apt update
0% [Connecting to SOCKS5h proxy (socks5h://localhost:8888)] [Connecting to SOCKS5h proxy (socks5h://localhost:8888)]


Once you are done, do not forget to kill the tunnel
$ kill `pidof ssh`

and remove the proxy option from apt
$ sudo sed -i 's/Acquire/#Acquire/' /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/12proxy 

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